It is not only aromatic and tasty , but also very healthy , especially when you throw the food fresh herb leaves . To have them always at hand , just start your own home plantation in the garden, on the balcony or on the windowsill !
Growing herbs on the kitchen windowsill even has the advantage that you can use it even in the winter , not to mention the fact that decorate your kitchen and fill it with a delicious scent of spring all year round.
Tips for the novice gardener
Seeds and seedlings
Assuming your herbaceous garden , you can choose the seeds - the best sow them in March , it may be ready to put down - or plants that you get throughout the year in shops and stalls gardening , even in supermarkets .
Choosing a location
Herbs such as basil , rosemary , oregano, love heat , so their crops choose a sunny spot , such as the southern window sill . Remember that some herbs thrives in partial shade , so always refer to the specific requirements of the selected species.
Earth , pots , watering
The best substrate for herbs is a mixture of loam and peat soil with a little manure - the ground ready to buy the hardware store . Herbs usually are watered once a day ( in a cool period - 2-3 times a week ) , but be careful that they do not shed , because they do not like . Remember that the bottom of the pot , make sure the hole , put a fine brain , such as the clay pebbles or shells ) , which will allow water to drain and prevent root rot . The growing herbs with short roots as thyme or basil are great for flat pots or bowls, to herbs like overgrown lump of spicy lemon balm and tarragon - deep , with a diameter of 20 cm.
What herbs to choose
Deciding to grow herbs on the windowsill , choose rather the ones that feel good in your home , such as rosemary, lemon balm , tarragon and mint . Note that the specific conditions of households ( dry air , poor or artificial lighting, etc. ) , not all herbs will adapt as easily as others. Among the most popular herbs hard to adjust to domestic conditions , replace the basil, coriander and marjoram .
What you need to know about herbs
This herb has been known since ancient Greece , where it was very much sought medical treatment for a medical practice, including by Hippocrates. He was also a symbol of prosperity, and the oil of thyme was used for massage and bath .
Features: improves circulation , relieves cough and sore throat , brew a disinfecting action
In the kitchen : including to roast , potatoes , soups and tomato sauces
This is a very old plant , which may have brought the Romans in the Mediterranean countries through the Alps in Central Europe .
It has a distinctive aroma and tangy balsamic flavor. Its leaves and stems covered by silvery pubescence . On top of the shoots grow pale violet flowers . It is a beautiful and fragrant decoration of the kitchen .
Features: anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and disinfectant
In the kitchen : Fresh sage is excellent to rub the meat before cooking and as a condiment for poultry and fish
It contains significant amounts of essential oil , in the past it was thought to be a plant endowed with divine energy .
Properties has anti-inflammatory and calming , speed up digestion, put on the windowsill repels insects
In the kitchen : excellent with tomatoes and mozzarella , salad , pasta , rice and others .
The name ” rosemary ” comes from Latin and means sea rose . Historically, rosemary has been considered a symbol of love, because it was often entangled in wreaths and bouquets wedding .
Features: a plant with a pungent smell and taste sophisticated , strengthens the heart, helps digestion, stimulates circulation
In the kitchen: fresh or frozen leaves can be added to meat , fish , salads, eggs , cucumbers for pickling and marinades
In Greek mythology, Hades turned his beloved nymph in mint to protect her from the vengeance of his jealous wife. As the plant used in cosmetics , medicine and cuisine mint is grown for 300 years .
Properties : infusion of mint leaves speeds up the process of digestion and acts relaxant , helps with stomach pain , antibacterial and soothing and slightly lowers blood pressure
In the kitchen: excellent for stew meat , the delicious soups, sauces , dips , salads and spinach , which is used as the main feed ingredient sauce hot or cold for mutton and fish grilled , fits perfectly with with chocolate , nuts and dried fruit , ice cream
It has a distinctive spicy flavor and pungent odor , so once was called the dragon herb .
Features: improves appetite , helps digestion , helps to light gastritis and enteritis - especially recommended for administration to children and the elderly .
In the kitchen: tarragon seasoned poultry, fish , eggs , meat , soups , sauces, can be added to tomato, vegetable and fruit salads
It has long been used in folk medicine , but its unique aroma reminiscent of a cross between mint and lemon made it particularly prized spice in the kitchen.
Properties improves mood, reduces fever , herpes cure is a measure against allergies
In the kitchen: perfect for egg dishes , sandwiches , teas , salads , soups , casseroles , stews , chicken and veal , in addition to vegetables. Some add it into jellies , jams , beverages , punches and liqueurs